Recent actions this month that factored in the international presence now in Haiti, starting with PM Henry’s appeal for help on Oct. 5 through today.
After more than a year of watching Haiti fall deeper into violence, a kidnapping epidemic, an actual cholera outbreak, demonstrations against misery coupled with some dechoukaj across the country, the international community is now landing in Haiti.
Starting October 5, several diplomatic developments have played out, fairly quickly, over the subsequent 12 days. Following is a list of key events and actions to explain what happened to Haiti. And against all of this is the backdrop of demonstrations — in Port-au-Prince and cities across the country — calling for Ariel Henry, Haiti’s defacto prime minister, to resign.
October 5: BINUH officially calls for the immediate opening of a humanitarian corridor to allow the release of fuel to provide access to potable water.
October 5: Prime Minister Ariel Henry asks the international community for help to fight off the gangs blocking access to the country’s main fuel storage port and key roads so they might respond to a growing cholera outbreak and water scarcity.
October 6: Secretary of State Anthony J. Blinken meets with the Haiti delegation at a meeting of the Organization of American States General Assembly in Lima, Peru, hosted by Canada.
October 7: Henry makes the requests officially.
October 10: UN Security General António Guterres calls for the United Nations Security Council to consider deploying armed forces to help Haiti address security concerns.
October 12: Brian A. Nichols leads an interagency delegation to Port-au-Prince to meet with Henry, Montana Group and others.
October 12: The U.S. restricts visas of those persons supporting gang efforts and sent a Coast Guard cutter, a ship, to patrol the Haitian coastline off Port-au-Prince.
October 13: Leaked draft plan proposes arms embargo, asset freezes and travel bans on influential Haitian gang leader Jimmy Cherizier, known as Barbecue.
October 13: Haiti’s private sector business associations support Henry’s calls for foreign military assistance.
October 13: Cherizier tells The Haitian Times about his proposed three-pronged transition plan for Haiti, which calls for a Departmental Council of the Wise supported by gang members. The next day, he demanded that the Haitian government “grant amnesty and void arrest warrants” for his gang.
October 15: Canada’s military plane drops off armored vehicles in Port-au-Prince purchased by Haiti from the U.S. and Canada.
October 15: Additional details of draft UN resolution show U.S. encourages “the immediate deployment of a multinational rapid action force.”
October 15: The U.N. Security Council’s deadline for Haiti’s government to report on their efforts to reach a political accord.
October 17: The U.N. Security Council meeting on Haiti, moved up four days, set to take place.
Primary sources: The Haitian Times, Reuters, Washington Post, Miami Herald, Center for Policy and Economic Research