Haiti + 1 more
This report was prepared by OCHA Haiti with contributions from humanitarian partners. It contains the latest information available as of 17 January 2023.
● A gang truce in Martissant allowed for the reopening of National Road 2 leading to the south, although gangs still demand a fee to pass.
● Cholera continues to spread, particularly in the provinces, with a 57 percent increase in the number of suspected cases recorded in a single month.
● Humanitarian partners are supporting the operation of 94 cholera treatment centres across the country and the implementation of WASH activities to prevent the spread of the disease.
● A vaccination campaign was carried out in priority areas of the West and Centre departments following the delivery of 1.2 million doses of oral vaccine.
● Of the 155,000 displaced people in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area, 75 percent are living in host communities.
● Despite the reopening of 90 percent of schools in January 2023, the number of students who have actually returned to school needs to be assessed.
Gang-related insecurity remains high in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area (ZMPAP). The presence of police stations and increased patrols in many of these areas have not been enough to curb the capacity of gangs in the capital’s neighbourhoods. During 2022, OHCHR recorded 2,084 murders and 1,552 injuries as a result of armed gang violence, as well as 1,114 cases of kidnapping, a record for the country.
However, it should be noted that since 5 December, the main gangs (Village-de-Dieu, Grand-Ravine and Tibwa) in Martissant observe a “truce”, which allowed for the resumption of traffic, in exchange for the payment of a fee, on National Road 2 (RN2), which had been blocked since June 2021. The commune of Cité Soleil also experienced a period of calm thanks to a ceasefire respected by the main gang coalitions (Gpep and G9). However, this truce was broken on 9 January with a new escalation of violence, the effect of which is yet to be established.
In contrast to the improved access on RN2, security conditions on the other national roads in the ZMPAP, particularly RN1 leading to the northern departments, have deteriorated significantly. In addition, despite the reopening of the Varreux oil terminal, the country is still experiencing a fuel shortage. The official distribution channels appear to be idle and many oil stations remain closed, particularly in the provinces. In parallel, gasoline prices on the black market increased sharply to more than 1,500 gourdes per gallon, over 160 percent higher than the price set by the authorities. In these circumstances, humanitarian actors remain heavily dependent on alternatives to road transport,notably the UNHAS air service and the WFP barge.
On the economic front, the Central Bank Governor of Haiti declared that the country was in an economic depression after several years of negative growth with inflation reaching 47.2 percent in October 2022. The official exchange rate reached an unprecedented level: 147 gourdes for a dollar on 14 January 2023 compared to 101.58 a year earlier, an increase of 44.75 percent. This situation has led to a significant increase in the prices of goods, including basic food products.
As of 9 January, the mandate of the remaining 10 elected senators still in office ended, with no new elections scheduled. This leaves the country with no democratically elected institutions, with no president and the absence of Parliament and Senate. Faced with this situation, numerous initiatives were launched in recent months, leading to the conclusion of a National Consensus for an inclusive transition and transparent elections, the text of which was published in the official journal on 3 January 2023. This agreement provides for the establishment of a High Council of the Transition and a body to monitor government action. It also provides for general elections to be held in 2023 with the newly elected officials taking office on 7 February 2024. However, despite a favourable response from the international community, this agreement has still not succeeded in rallying all political actors, with a large part of the opposition speaking out against it.
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