Diaspora

After dispute between the United States and China, the United Nations expands its political mission in Haiti – BollyInside

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After a dispute between China, which has no diplomatic relations with Latin America’s poorest country, and many other members who stressed the importance of the UN’s long-term presence in the crisis-plagued country, the United Nations Security Council voted unanimously on Friday evening to extend the UN political mission in Haiti.
The United States and Mexico, who wrote the council resolution, secured an agreement with China to prolong the mission’s mandate for nine months, which is less than the year Washington wanted and more than the six months Beijing requested.
According to diplomats who spoke on the condition of anonymity, this prevented a potential Chinese veto of the resolution and led to the measure’s approval by a 15-0 vote.
The diplomats said the reason behind China’s down-to-the-wire action is Beijing’s anger at Haiti for maintaining diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
The future of Taiwan has increasingly become a potential powder keg, with Beijing recently sending a record number of military aircraft to harass the island over China’s National Day holiday.
Haiti is one of just 15 countries — and the second largest in population — that continue to recognize self-ruling democratic Taiwan which China claims as part of its own territory.
Haiti has been contending with the assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in July, a magnitude 7.2 earthquake that killed over 2,200 people and damaged or destroyed tens of thousands of homes in August, and escalating gang-related killings, kidnappings and turf wars. Last month, the U.S. border patrol agents’ treatment of Haitian migrants massed at the southern U.S. border sparked outrage.
The Security Council condemned Mr. Moise’s assassination “in the strongest terms” and urged the government to hold the perpetrators accountable. The resolution also expressed deep concern at the devastating effects of the earthquake and tropical storm Grace two days later.
Last week, Haiti’s top diplomat implored the Security Council for help tackling gang violence and crime, saying the U.N. political mission needs to pivot toward strengthening security and law enforcement institution. “It’s vital to take account of the new realities that the country is facing and that the mandate is adjusted accordingly,” Foreign Minister Claude Joseph told the council.
The resolution adopted Friday asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to conduct as assessment of the mandate of the political mission within six months, including whether and how it should be adjusted to address Haiti’s ongoing challenges. It extends the political mission, the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti known as BINUH, until July 15, 2022 but makes no change in its original mandate adopted in June 2019.
It authorizes the political mission to advise Haiti’s government “in promoting and strengthening political stability and good governance,” including promoting the rule of law, supporting an inclusive national dialogue and protecting and promoting human rights. In Friday’s resolution, the council noted “with deep concern the acute political, economic, security, and humanitarian crisis in Haiti and reaffirming the commitment of the international community to continue to support the people of Haiti.”
It underlined the importance of addressing the recent rise in gang violence and its roots.The resolution urges all Haitian parties “to commit to an inclusive inter-Haitian national dialogue to address longstanding drivers of instability” and
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